Physical Education, Art and Music (PAM)
Purpose of Physical Education
The purpose of physical education is to enable students to demonstrate individually and with others the physical skills, practices, and values to enjoy a lifetime of active, healthy living.
Goals of Physical Education
21 st Century Competencies in Physical Education
Physical education provides a natural platform for students to clarify and act on their personal values. It allows for social interactions and demonstration of positive emotions as well as social behaviours. Through carefully designed learning activities and ‘teachable moments’ in physical education, students are given the opportunities to acquire sound moral values, develop social skills and higher order thinking skills, and 21st Century Competencies.
The lower primary level focuses on mastery of fundamental motor skills such as locomotor (e.g. walk, run, hop, jump, leap, gallop, skip, slide) , non-locomotor (e.g. bend, stretch, twist, turn, push, pull, raise, lower, shake) and manipulative skills (e.g. toss, catch, throw, kick, strike) with application of movement concepts to develop efficiency, effectiveness and versatility in students’ performance. Once the foundation is laid, the upper primary level extends on the mastery of discrete skills to focus on more complex combinations and sequences of movements, and skills application in more recognisable forms of activity and games.
Physical Health & Fitness
Physical health and fitness stimulate students’ interest in physical activity as meaningful connections between health concepts and practical applications are made through experiential learning. Younger learners gain an understanding of good health practices in nutrition, exercise, safety and hygiene, as they are put through regular and purposeful health-enhancing physical activities and learning tasks. These activities generate fun and promote a positive attitude towards continual participation in physical activities for health, fitness and enjoyment.
The key focus of the Physical Health and Fitness content is to provide students with the knowledge, skills and values to empower them to make responsible decisions to pursue life-long total well-being. It also aims to provide students with the opportunities to develop and practise good health habits and attitudes through a variety of fun learning experiences presented during PE lessons.
The content for this component has been organised into five main themes:
· Growth and Health
· Good Health Habits
· Vision and Oral Care
· Safety First
· Keeping Safe from Illnesses and Diseases